Chapter 1 Matter and Measurement Key Terms

substance
*element
*atom
*molecule
*ion
*compound
molecular compound
ionic compound
formula
density
temperature
extensive property
intensive property
*physical change
*chemical reaction
chemical equation
states of matter
*solid
*liquid
*gas
kinetic molecular theory
*mixture
heterogeneous
homogeneous
*solution
SI
exponential notation
dimensional analysis
precision
average deviation
accuracy
percent error
conversion factor
*significant figures

Chapter 2 Atoms and Elements Key Terms

subatomic particle
*nucleus
*proton
*neutron
*electron
*atomic number
mass number
*isotope
nuclide
abundance
atomic mass
mole
Avogadroís number
molar mass
*Periodic Table
periodicity
group
period
allotrope

Chapter 3 Molecules, Ions and Their Compounds Key Terms

empirical formula
molecular formula
condensed formula
structural formula
molecular compound
molecular models
ionic compound
cation
anion
monatomic ion
polyatomic ion
oxoanion
Coulombís Law
electrostatic force
crystal lattice
binary compound
molecular mass or weight
formula mass or weight
percent composition
mass spectrum
hydrated compound
anhydrous compound

Chapter 4 Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry Key Terms

chemical equation
conservation of matter
*reactants
products
coefficients
stoichiometry
mole ratio
stoichiometric factor
limiting reactant
actual yield
theoretical yield
percent yield
gravimetric analysis
combustion analysis

Chapter 5 Reactions in Aqueous Solution Key Terms

*solution
solvent
solute
aqueous solution
electrolyte
nonelectrolyte
strong electrolyte
weak electrolyte
*precipitation
detailed Ionic equation
net Ionic equation
spectator Ion
strong add
weak add
polyprotic acid
strong base
weak base
acidic oxide
basic oxide
redox
*oxidation
reduction
oxidizing agent reducing agent
concentration
molarity
dilution
hydrogen Ion
hydronium Ion
*pH scale
titration
equivalence point
Indicator
pH meter
primary
standard

Chapter 6 Energy and Chemical Reactions Key Terms

thermodynamics
*energy
*kinetic energy
*potential energy
chemical energy
*system
surroundings
*exothermic process
*endothermic process
joule
calorie
specific heat capacity
molar heat capacity
heat of fusion
heat of vaporization
first law of thermodynamics
work
heat
Internal energy
enthalpy
state function
calorimetry
Hess's law
standard state
enthalpy of formation
enthalpy of combustion
product-favored reaction
hydrogen economy

Chapter 7 Atomic Structure Key Terms

*electromagnetic radiation
frequency
*wavelength
*velocity
amplitude
node
stationary wave
visible spectrum
quantization
-radiation from hot objects
photoelectric effect
photons
line spectrum
Rydberg equation
ground state
excited state
quantum mechanic wave-particle duality
Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
Schrodinger's wave equation
wave function
atomic orbital
principal quantum number
secondary quantum number
magnetic quantum number
electron shell
subshell
nodal plane

Chapter 8 Atomic Electron Configurations and Chemical Periodicity Key Terms

electron spin
4th quantum number
magnetism
diamagnetism
paramagnetism
ferromagnetism
aufbau principle
Pauli exclusion principle
maximum multiplicity
shell
subshell
effective nuclear charge
electronic configuration
n+l rule
ground state
core electrons
valence electrons
noble gas notation
s-block
p-block
d-block
f-block
lanthanides
actinides
periodic trend
atomic size
Ionization energy
electron affinity
Isoelectronic
lanthanide contraction

Chapter 9 Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts Key Terms

Lewis electron dot symbol
octet of electrons
chemical bond
Ionic bond
*covalent bond
Ion pair
lattice energy
Lewis structure
bonding pair
nonbonding pair
single bond
double bond
triple bond
Isoelectronic
resonance
resonance hybrid
radical
charge distribution
formal charge
polarity
polar covalent bond
electronegativty
electroneutrality principle
bond order
bond length
bond energy
VSEPR theory
electron pair arrangement
molecular shape
linear
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
trigonal blpyramid
octahedral
dipole moment
*DNA

Chapter 10 Bonding & Molecular Structure: Orbital Hybridization & Molecular Orbitals Key Terms

valence bond theory
molecular orbital theory
orbital overlap
sigma bond
pi bond
orbital hybridization
restricted rotation
cis-trans Isomerism
molecular orbital
bonding orbital
anti bonding
orbital delocalization
bond order
band theory
Fermi level
valence band
conduction band
band gap
Insulator
semiconductor
Intrinsic semiconductor
doped semiconductor
extrinsic semiconductor
p-type semiconductor
n-type semiconductor

Chapter 11 Carbon: More than Just Another Element Key Terms

isomerism
structural isomers
stereoisomers
geometrical isomers
optical isomers
nonsuperimposable mirror images
chiral
enantiomers
asymmetric carbon atoms
hydrocarbons
alkane
alkyl group
cycloalkane
alkene
alkyne
saturated compound
unsaturated compound
hydrogenation
aromatic compound
resonance energy
functional group
alcohol
ether
amine
carbonyl group
aldehyde
ketone
carboxylic add
ester
esterification
amide
hydrolysis
polymer
monomer
thermoplastic
thermosetting plastic
elastomer
addition polymer
condensation polymer
polyester
polyamide
copolymer
composite

Chapter 12 Gases and Their Properties Key Terms

pressure
torr
atm
pascal
bar
psi
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Kelvin
law of combining volumes
Avogadro's law
Ideal gas law
R, gas constant
gas density
standard temperature and pressure
partial pressure
mole fraction
Dalton's law
kinetic molecular theory
rms speed
Boltzmann distribution diffusion
effusion
Graham's law
van der Waals' equation of state
real gases

Chapter 13 Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids Key Terms

intermolecular forces
van der Waals forces
ion-dipole attraction
dipole-dipole attraction
dipole-induced dipole attraction
induced dipole-induced dipole attraction
London dispersion forces
polarizability
hydrogen bond
*evaporation
enthalpy of vaporization
dynamic equilibrium
vapor pressure
volatility
vapor pressure curve
Clausius-Clapeyron equation
critical temperature
critical point
supercritical fluid
surface tension
capillary action
adhesive and cohesive forces
viscosity
lattice points
crystal lattice
unit cell
crystal system
simple cubic lattice
body-centered cubic lattice
face-centered cubic lattice
network solid
amorphous material
sublimation
phase diagram
triple point

Chapter 14 Solutions and Their Behavior Key Terms

*solution
solvent
solute
molarity
molality
mass percent
mole fraction
ppm
ppb
unsaturated
saturated
supersaturated
misability
immisability
lattice energy
solvation energy
heat of solution
Henry's law
LeChateliers principle
Raoult's law
colligative property
vapor pressure lowering
elevation of boiling point
depression of freezing point
van't Hoff factor;
osmotic pressure
Isotonic
colloid
colloidal dispersion
dispersing phase
dispersed phase
Tyndall effect
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
sol
gel
emulsion
aerosol
foam
surfactant

Chapter 15 Chemical Kinetics Key Terms

kinetics
thermodynamics
reaction rate
instantaneous rate
rate equation
rate constant
order
overall order
method of initial rates
integrated rate equation
zero-order
first-order
second-order
half-life
collision theory
activation energy
Arrhenius equation
reaction Intermediate
catalyst
homogeneous catalyst
heterogeneous catalyst
mechanism
single step
elementary step
molecularity
unimolecular
bimolecular
termolecular
rate determining step
steady state approximation

Chapter 16 Chemical Equilibria Key Terms

*equilibrium
reaction quotient
equilibrium constant
equilibrium constant expression
product-favored reaction
reactant-favored reaction
ICE box
LeChatelier's principle

Chapter 17 Chemistry of Acids and Bases Key Terms

*acid
*base
strong
weak
Bronsted-Lowry acid
Bronsted-Lowry base
monoprotic
polyprotic
amphiprotic
conjugate acid-base pair
auto Ionization
water ionization constant Kw
*pH
pOH
pKw
Ka and Kb
pKa and pKb
Lewis add
Lewis base
add-base adduct
coordination compound
amphoteric
inductive effect

Chapter 18 Other Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria Key Terms

common ion effect
suppression of Ionization
buffer solution
Henderson-Hasselbalch equation
buffer capacity
acid-base titration
equivalence point
volumetric analysis
acid-base Indicator
*solubility
solubility product Ksp
saturated solution
*precipitation

Chapter 19 Entropy and Free Energy Key Terms

product-favored reaction
reactant-favored reaction
spontaneous process
dispersal of energy
dispersal of matter
disorder
*entropy
second law of thermodynamics
reversible process
third law of thermodynamics
Gibbs free energy
free energy of formation

Chapter 20 Electron Transfer Reactions Key Terms

redox reaction
*oxidation
reduction
*cell
voltaic cell
galvanic cell
electrolysis
half reaction
salt bridge
anode
cathode
primary cell
secondary cell
battery
storage battery
dry cell
alkaline cell
mercury cell
lead storage battery
nickel cadmium battery
fuel cell
coulomb
faraday
electromotive force
emf
cell potential
standard hydrogen electrode SHE
standard half cell
reduction potential
Nernst equation
ion selective electrodes
overpotential

Chapter 21 The Chemistry of the Main Group Elements Key Terms

*Periodic table
element abundance
electronegativity
metallic character
hydrogen
Haber process
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
Hall-Heroult process
aluminum
silicon
silicates
zeolites
nitrogen and phosphorus
Ostwald process
oxygen and sulfur
Frasch process

Chapter 22 The Chemistry of the Transition Elements Key Terms

d-block elements
f-block elements
lanthanide contraction
ore
metallurgy
gangue
pyrometallurgy
hydrometallurgy
coordination complex
complex ion
coordination compound
ligand
coordination number
monodentate
coordination geometry
polydentate
chelating ligand
coordination isomerism
linkage isomers
crystal field model
crystal field splitting
high-spin complex
low-spin complex
pairing energy (P)
d-to-d transition
spectrochemical series

Chapter 23 Nuclear Chemistry Key Terms

alpha radiation
beta radiation
gamma radiation
nucleon
*proton
*neutron
decay series
electron capture
positron emission
band of stability
nuclear binding energy
mass defect
nuclear fission
chain reaction
nuclear fusion
curie
becquerel
rad
rem