Chapter 1 Key Terms: Introduction to Chemistry
analytical chemistry
biochemistry
chemistry
experiments
*hypothesis
inorganic chemistry
observation
organic chemistry
physical chemistry
*scientific law
*scientific method
*theory

Chapter 2 Key Terms: Matter, Change and Energy
*chemical property
*chemical reaction
chemical symbol
*compound
distillation
*element
*gas
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
law of conservation of mass
*liquid
*mass
*matter
*mixture
phase
*physical change
*physical property
product
*reactant
*solid
*solution
substance
vapor

Chapter 3 Key Terms: Scientific Measurement
absolute zero
accepted value
accuracy
Celsius scale
density
error
experimental value
gram
hydrometer
SI
Kelvin scale
kilogram
liter
meter
percent error
precision
*qualitative measurement
*quantitative measurement
scientific notation
*significant figure
specific gravity
temperature
volume
weight

Chapter 4 Key Terms: Problem Solving in Chemistry
conversion factor
dimensional analysis

Chapter 5 Key Terms: Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
alkali metal
alkaline earth metal
*atom
atomic mass
atomic mass unit (amu)
*atomic number
cathode ray tube
Daltonís atomic theory
*electron
group
halogen
inner transition metal
*isotope
mass number
metal
metalloid
*neutron
noble gas
nonmetal
*nucleus
period
periodic law
*periodic table
*proton
representative elements
transitions metal

Chapter 13 Key Terms: Electrons in Atoms
amplitude
atomic emission spectrum
atomic orbital
Aufbau principle
de Broglieís equation
*electromagnetic radiation
electron configuration
energy level
frequency
ground state
Heisenburg uncertainty principle
hertz
Hundís rule
Pauli exclusion principle
photoelectric effect
photon
Planckís constant
quantum
quantum mechanical model
spectrum
*wavelength
orbital notation
Schrodinger

Chapter 14 Key Terms: Chemical Periodicity
atomic radius
electronegativity
inner transition metal
ionization energy
noble gas
representative element
transition metal

Chapter 24 Key Terms: Chemistry of Metals and Nonmetals
inner transition element
lime
metallurgy
Monel metal
ore
slaked lime

Chapter 28 Key Terms: Nuclear Chemistry
alpha particle
alpha radiation
band of stability
beta particle
beta radiation
film badge
*fission
*fusion
gamma radiation
Geiger counter
half-life
ionizing radiation
neutron absorption
neutron moderation
positron
*radiation
radioactive decay
radioactivity
radioisotope
scintillation counter
transmutation
transuranium elements
 

Chapter 6 Key Terms: Chemical Names and Formulas
anion
binary compound
cation
chemical formula
formula unit
*ion
ionic compound
law of definite proportions
law of multiple proportions
molecular compound
molecular formula
*molecule
monatomic ion
polyatomic ion
ternary compound
*acid
*base
group
metal
metalloid
nonmetal
*periodic table
representative element
semimetal
transition metal

Chapter 7 Key Terms: Chemical Quantities
Avagadro's Number
emperical formula
gram atomic mass
gram formula mass
gram molecular mass
molar mass
molar volume
mole
percent composition
representative particle
standard temperature
standard pressure

Chapter 8 Key Terms: Chemical Reactions
activity series of metals
balanced equations
catalyst
chemical equations
coefficients
combination reaction
combustion reaction
complete ionic equation
decomposition reaction
double replacement reaction
net ionic equation
single replacement reaction
skeleton equation
spectator ion

Chapter 9 Key Terms: Stoichiometry
actual yield
excess reagent
limiting reagent
percent yield
stoichiometry
theoretical yield

Chapter 10 Key Terms: States of Matter
allotrope
amorphous solid
*atmospheric pressure
*barometer
*boiling point
*crystal
*evaporation
gas pressure
glass
*kinetic energy
kinetic theory
melting point
normal melting point
Pascal
phase diagram
standard atmosphere
sublimation
triple point
unit cell
vacuum
vaporization
vapor point

Chapter 12 Key Terms: The Behavior of Gases
Avagadro's hypothesis
Boyle's law
Charles' law
combined gas law
compressibility
Dalton's law of partial pressure
diffusion
effusion
Gay-Lussac's law
Graham's law of effusion
ideal gas law
partial pressure

Chapter 9 (15) Key Terms: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds
coordination number
electron dot structure
halide ion
ionic bond
metallic bond
octet rule
valence electron

Chapter 8 (16) Key Terms: Covalent Bonding
anti-bonding orbital
bond dissociation energy
bonding orbital
coordinate covalent bond
diamagnetic
dipole
dipole interaction
dispersion force
double covalent bond
hybridization
hydrogen bond
molecular orbital
network solid
non-polar covalent bond
paramagnetic
pi bond
polar bond
polar covalent bond
polar molecule
resonance structure
sigma bond
single covalent bond
structural formula
tetrahedral angle
triple covalent bond
unshared pair
van der Waals force
VSEPR Theory

Chapter 17 Key Terms: Water and Aqueous Systems
aqueous solution
Brownian motion
colloid
deliquescent
effloresce
electrolyte
emulsion
hygroscopic
non-electrolyte
solute
solvation
solvent
strong electrolyte
surface tension
surfactant
suspension
Tyndall effect
water of hydration
weak electrolyte

Chapter 18 Key Terms: Solutions
boiling-point elevation
colligative property
concentrated solution
concentration
dilute solution
freezing-point depression
Henry's law
immiscible
miscible
molal boiling-point elevation constant
molal freezing-point depression constant
molality
molarity
mole fraction
saturated solution
solubility
supersaturated solution
unsaturated solution


Chapter 20 Key Terms: Acids and Bases
*acid
acid dissociation constant
acidic solution
alkaline solution
amphoteric
*base
base dissociation constant
basic solution
conjugate acid
conjugate acid-base system
conjugate base
diprotic acid
hydrogen ion acceptor
hydrogen ion donor
hydronium ion
hydroxide ion
ion product constant for water
Lewis acid
Lewis base
monoprotic acid
*neutral solution
*pH
self-ionization
strong acid
strong base
triprotic acid
weak acid
weak base

Chapter 21 Key Terms: Neutralization
Buffer
Buffer capacity
Common ion
Common ion effect
End point
Equivalence point
Equivalent
Gram equivalent mass
Neutralization
Normality (N)
Salt hydrolysis
Solubility product constant (Ksp)
Standard solution
titration

 

Chapter 11 Key Terms: Thermochemistry - Heat and Chemical Change
calorie
calorimeter
calorimetry
chemical potential energy
*endothermic process
*energy
enthalpy
*exothermic process
heat
heat capacity
heat of combustion
heat of reaction
Hess's law of heat summation
joule
law of conservation of energy
molar heat of condensation
molar heat of fusion
molar heat of solidification
molar heat of solution
molar heat of vaporization
specific heat capacity
standard heat of formation
surroundings
*system
thermochemical equation
thermochemistry
universe

Chapter 19 Key Terms: Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
activated complex
activation energy
catalyst
chemical equilibrium
collision theory
elementary reaction
*entropy
equilibrium constant
equilibrium position
first-order reaction
free energy
Gibbs free energy change
inhibitor
intermediate
law of disorder
Le Chatelier principle
non-spontaneous reaction
rate 
rate law
reaction mechanism
reversible reaction
specific rate constant
spontaneous reaction
standard entropy
transition state