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FHS Calendar

2015-2016 Dates


Aug12              New Student Orientation

Aug13            Focus Camp        4-7:30pm

Aug14            Focus Camp        9am - 2pm

Aug 17 No School Teacher Mtg

Aug18           School Starts

Aug 19 Staff Mtg

Aug 20 Open House/ Parent Info Mtg 6pm

Aug 21            Early Release

Aug 26 Staff Mtg

Aug 28            Early Release

Aug 27 Homeroom

Aug 28 Unity Day

Sept 3 Staff Mtg

Sep 4              Early Release

Sept7 No School Labor Day

Sept 9 Structured Tutorial Session

Sept 11 No School  Inservice Day

Sept 15        Picture Day

Sep 18            Early Release

Sep18 Midterms Homeroom

Sep 25            Early Release

Sept 26 & 27 NMSI AP Math & Science Teacher Training

Sept 23 Structured Tutorial Session

Oct 1                 PT Conferences pm & Senior Info Mtg  (3:00 - 6:30)

Oct 2 No School  Inservice Day

NMSI Vertical Team Meeting

Oct 3 & 4 NMSI AP English Teacher Training

Oct 7 Staff Mtg

Oct 7 Structured Tutorial Session

Oct 9              Early Release

Oct 8                 Homecoming Parade & Powderpuff Game

Oct 9                  Homecoming Game

Oct 10                  Homecoming Dance

Oct15 End Q1

Oct17 (40min)      Early Dismissal

Oct 16              Early Release

Period 5 Recent Grades & Missing Work

Period 6 Recent Grades & Missing Work

Introductory Handouts

Discipline Plan,

Chemistry & Society Classroom Management Plan,

Student and Textbook Information Sheet

Laboratory Safety Rules

Safety Resources Addison Wesley2002@

Quarter 1

 Silent Treatment, Books Assigned, Course Intro

 LAB EQUIPMENT, Course Management, Procedures


 SAFETY,  Accident at Jefferson High Video 

Unit 0


Section A The Central Science 4 8/20/2015

Concept Check 1 4

A.1 What in the World Is Chemistry? 5

A.2 Making Decisions Why Study Chemistry? 6

Section B Living Within Communities 7 8/21/2015

CHEMQUANDARY: Visions of Community 7

Section C Inquiry and Investigation 8 8/24/2015

C.1 Investigating Safely 8 8/25/2015

C.2 Developing Skills Safety in the Lab & Life 10 8/25

C.3 Investigating Matter Density of (s) & (l) 11 8/26-27

          SCIENTIFIC NOTATION 8/30/2015

          MEASUREMENT, MEASUREMENT2 9/1/2015

Section D Learning and Applying Chemistry 15

Concept Check 2 15

D.1 Learning Activities in a ChemCom Unit 16

D.2 Developing Skills Exploring ChemCom Unit 17

Putting It All Together Welcome to Chemistry 19

Unit 1


Section A Building Blocks of Chemistry 24

Concept Check 1 25 9/8

A.1 Investigating Matter Properties of Matter 25 9/8-10

A.2 Properties Make the Difference 31 9/14

A.3 Developing Skills Phys & Chem Properties 32 9/10

A.4 Properties Matter: Designing the Penny 34 9/14

Concept Check 2 35

A.5 The Particulate View of Matter 35 9/15

A.6 Symbols, Formulas, and Equations 36 9/15

A.7 Developing Skills Chemical Symbols and Formulas 38

A.8 Modeling Matter Pictures in the Mind 38 9/16

A.9 The Elements 41 9/16

A.10 Investigating Matter Metal or Nonmetal 42 9/17

A.11 Making Decisions It’s Only Money 45 9/17

Section A Summary 47 9/17

Unit 1A Quiz 9/18

Section B Periodic Trends 50

Concept Check 3 50

B.1 Making Decisions Grouping the Elements 51 9/30

B.2 Early Periodic Tables 52 10/1

B.3 The Electrical Nature of Matter 53 10/1

B.4 The Modern Periodic Table 54 10/1

B.5 Developing Skills Counting Subatomic Parts 10/6

B.6 Developing Skills Periodic Properties 10/5

B.7 Organization of the Periodic Table 61 10/6

B.8 Developing Skills Predicting Properties 62 10/6

B.9 Investigating Matter Periodic Trends 63 10/7-8

Concept Check 4 65

B.10 Ions and Ionic Compounds 65 10/12

B.11 Modeling Matter Ionic Compounds 67 10/12-13

B.12 Investigating Matter Reactivities of Metals 71 10/14

B.13 Metal Reactivity 73 10/14

CHEMQUANDARY: Discovery of Metals 74 10/14

B.14 Developing Skills Trends in Metal Reactivity10/15

B.15 Making Decisions Characteristics of Currency 76

Section B Summary 77

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Pyrotechnic Chemistry 80

Section C Minerals and Moles 82

Concept Check 5 83

C.1 Making Decisions Metal, Production, and Use 83

C.2 Sources and Uses of Metals 86

C.3 Investigating Matter Extracting Zinc 89

C.4 Composition of Materials 91

C.5 Developing Skills Applications of % Composition 92

C.6 Introduction to the Mole Concept 93

C.7 Developing Skills Molar Masses 98

Concept Check 6 98

C.8 Moles and Percent Composition 99

C.9 Developing Skills Percent Composition 100

C.10 Mining and Refining 101

C.11 Modeling Matter Electrons and Redox Processes 105

C.12 Investigating Matter Copper Plating 107

C.13 Electroplating 108

C.14 The Life Cycle of a Material 110

C.15 Making Decisions Life Cycle of a Coin 111

Section C Summary 112

Section D Conservation and Chemical Equations 116

Concept Check 7 116

D.1 Examining Chemical Equations 117

D.2 Modeling Matter Representing Reactions 118

D.3 Keeping Track of Atoms 121

D.4 Developing Skills Accounting for Atoms 124

D.5 Nature’s Conservation: Balanced Chemical Eq 126

D.6 Developing Skills Writing Chemical Equations 129

Concept Check 8 131

D.7 Investigating Matter Striking It Rich 132

D.8 Combining Atoms: Alloys 134

CHEMQUANDARY: Five Cents’ Worth 134

D.9 Conservation in the Community 136

D.10 Making Decisions Rethinking, Reusing, Reducing, and Recycling 139

Section D Summary 140

Putting It All Together Making the Case for Currency 143

Oct19 No School  Teacher Record Day

Oct 22                 PT Conferences pm

Oct 23              Early Release

Oct23    National Mole Day Homeroom   Report Cards

NMSI Vertical Team Meeting

Oct 23 Structured Tutorial Session

Oct 26-Oct30   OGT Testing

Oct 30              Early Release

Nov2-Nov6       OGT Testing

Nov 6              Early Release

Nov 4 Structured Tutorial Session

Nov 1                    Daylight Savings (clocks 1hr back)

Nov 4 Staff Mtg

Nov 9 Veterans Day

Nov 13 Midterms           Early Release Homeroom

Nov 18 Structured Tutorial Session

Nov 20              Early Release

Nov 20-21              Fall Play 7pm

Nov 25 No School (Previous Conf Day Off)

Nov26-27              No School ThanksGiving Break

Dec 2 Staff Mtg

NMSI Vertical Team Meeting

Dec 4              Early Release

Dec 4 & 5 Vespers

Dec 9 Structured Tutorial Session

Dec 11             Early Release

Dec16-18     Semester Exams          

Dec 18 End Q2  (40 min) Early Dismissal        Early Release

Dec21-Jan3           No School      Winter Recess

Quarter 2

Unit 2


Section A Properties of Gases 151

Concept Check 1 152

A.1 Investigating Matter Properties of Gases 152

A.2 Pressure 156

Concept Check 2 158

A.3 Developing Skills Applications of Pressure 159

A.4 Atmospheric Pressure 160

A.5 Pressure–Volume Behavior of Gases 161

A.6 Developing Skills Predicting Gas Behavior: P–V 164

A.7 Designing Sci Investigations: Getting Started 165

A.8 Developing Skills Designing an Experiment to Investigate Temperature– Volume Relationships 167

A.9 Investigating Matter Exploring T–V Relationships 168

A.10 Temperature–Volume Behavior of Gases 170

A.11 Developing Skills Predicting Gas Behavior: T–V 172

Concept Check 3 173

A.12 Temperature–Pressure Behavior of Gases 174

A.13 Developing Skills Using Gas Relationships 174

A.14 Making Decisions Asking Questions and Gathering Evidence 175

Section A Summary 177

Section B Physical Behavior of Gases 180

Concept Check 4 180

B.1 Atoms and Molecules in Motion 181

B.2 Modeling Matter Kinetic Molecular Theory 184

B.3 Scientific Theories, Models, and Laws 185

B.4 The Ideal Gas Law 186

B.5 Developing Skills Using the Ideal Gas Law 189

Concept Check 5 190

B.6 Non-Ideal Gas Behavior 190

B.7 Temperature, Heat, and Phase Changes 191

B.8 Investigating Matter Phase Changes 193

B.9 Making Decisions Using KMT to Refine Your Air-Quality Investigation 195

Section B Summary 196

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Historic Preservation 200

Section C Interactions of Matter & Energy in Air 202

Concept Check 6 203

C.1 Gases in Our Atmosphere 203

CHEMQUANDARY: Traveling the Atmosphere 203

C.2 Developing Skills Graphing Atmospheric Data 204

C.3 Structure of Earth’s Atmosphere 206

C.4 Modeling Matter Mixtures of Gases 208

Concept Check 7 210

C.5 Collision Theory 211

C.6 Reactions of Gases 213

C.7 Developing Skills Stoichiometry in Rxns of Gases 214  

C.8 Investigating Matter Generating and Analyzing CO2 216

Concept Check 8 220

C.9 The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Solar Radiation 220

CHEMQUANDARY: Always Harmful? 223

C.10 Earth’s Energy Balance 225

C.11 Developing Skills Solar Radiation 227

C.12 Making Decisions Claims and Providing Evidence 228

Section C Summary 230

Section D Human Impact on Air Quality 234

Concept Check 9 234

D.1 Sources of Air Pollutants 235

D.2 Investigating Matter Detecting Pollutants in Air 238

D.3 Monitoring and Identifying Air Pollutants 241

D.4 Developing Skills Conclusions from Air Data 243

Concept Check 10 245

D.5 Smog: Hazardous to Your Health 245

D.6 Developing Skills Vehicles and Smog 247

CHEMQUANDARY: Controlling Air Pollution 248

D.7 Acids, Bases, and the pH Scale 248

D.8 Acid Rain 251

D.9 Investigating Matter Effects of Acid Rain 252

D.10 Consequences and Control of Acid Rain 254

CHEMQUANDARY: The Rain in Maine . . . 257

D.11 Making Decisions Improving Earth’s Air Quality 257

Section D Summary 258

Putting It All Together Investigating Air-Quality Claims 261

Semester Exam Review

Semester Exam Objectives

Semester Exam Key Terms

Jan 4 Homeroom

Jan 6 Staff Mtg


Jan 8              Early Release

Jan 11 Structured Tutorial Session

Jan 14         Report Cards Homeroom

Jan15 No School  Inservice Day

Jan 18 No School MLK Day

Jan 22              Early Release

Jan 27 Structured Tutorial Session

Jan28 FASFA Night 5:30pm

Jan 29              Early Release

Feb 3 Staff Mtg

Feb5 Midterms Early Release Homeroom

Feb 6            Sadie Hawkins Dance

Feb 6 Saturday Study Session

NMSI Vertical Team Meeting

Feb 10 Structured Tutorial Session

Feb 11               Jr PSEO Night    PT Conferences 3-6:30pm

Feb 12 No School PT Conferences 8-11:30am

Feb 14                  Valentines Day

Feb15 No School Presidents Day

FHS Blood Drive

Feb 19              Early Release

Feb19-20     Musical 7pm

Feb 24 Structured Tutorial Session

Feb 26              Early Release

Mar 4              Early Release

Mar 9 Structured Tutorial Session

Mar 13           Daylight Savings (clock 1hr ahead)


Mar 10 End Q3

Mar 11             Early Release

Mar 12 Masquerade Ball


Quarter 3


Unit 3


Section A Petroleum—What Is It? 268

Concept Check 1 269

A.1 Investigating Matter Properties of Petroleum 269

A.2 Petroleum: A Source of Energy and Hydrocarbons 271

A.3 Origin and Distribution of Petroleum 273

A.4 Developing Skills Your Carbon Footprint 276

A.5 Investigating Matter Separation by Distillation 277

A.6 Petroleum Refining 280

Concept Check 2 281

A.7 Examining Petroleum’s Molecules 282

A.8 Developing Skills Hydrocarbon Boiling Points 282

A.9 Modeling Matter Modeling Alkanes 283

A.10 Developing Skills Trends in Alkane Boiling Points 286

Concept Check 3 288

A.11 Intermolecular Forces 288

A.12 Modeling Matter Alkane Isomers 289

A.13 Developing Skills BPts of Alkane Isomers 291

CHEMQUANDARY: Fuels and Climate 292

A.14 Making Decisions Who Has the Oil? 292

Section A Summary 294

Section B Petroleum: A Building- Material Source 297

Concept Check 4 297

B.1 Making Decisions Life Cycle of a Polymer 298

B.2 Chemical Bonding 299

B.3 Developing Skills Predicting & Representing Bonds 303

Concept Check 5 305

B.4 Creating New Options: Petrochemicals 305

B.5 Modeling Matter Polymer Structure and Properties 307

B.6 Beyond Alkanes 310

B.7 Modeling Matter Builder Molecules 311

Concept Check 6 314

B.8 Carbon Rings as Builder Molecules 314

B.9 Builder Molecules Containing Oxygen 316

B.10 Investigating Matter Condensation 317

B.11 Condensation Polymers 321

B.12 Making Decisions Molecules in Transportation 322

Section B Summary 324

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Environmental Chemistry 328

Section C Petroleum: An Energy Source 330

Concept Check 7 330

C.1 Investigating Matter Comparing Fuels 331

C.2 Energy From Fossil Fuels 333

C.3 Developing Skills Energy in Chemical Reactions 336

C.4 Investigating Matter Combustion 337

Concept Check 8 341

C.5 Using Heats of Combustion 341

C.6 Developing Skills Heats of Combustion 342  

C.7 Modeling Matter Incomplete Combustion 343

C.8 The Carbon Cycle 345

C.9 Developing Skills Trends in Atmospheric CO2 Levels 346

C.10 Greenhouse Gases and Global Climate Change 348

C.11 Response to Global Climate Change 351

C.12 Making Decisions Fuel for Transportation 353

Section C Summary 354

Section D Alternatives to Petroleum 358

Concept Check 9 358

D.1 Energy: Past and Present 359

D.2 Developing Skills Fuel Sources Over the Years 360

D.3 Energy Efficiency 361

D.4 Developing Skills Energy Conversion Efficiency 362

Concept Check 10 364

D.5 Altering Fuels 364

D.6 Making Decisions Oxygenated Fuels 368

D.7 Alternative Fuels and Energy Sources 369

D.8 Investigating Matter Synth. and Evaluating Biodiesel Fuel 371

D.9 Making Decisions Biodiesel as a Petroleum Substitute 374

Concept Check 11 375

D.10 Alternative-Fuel Vehicles 375

D.11 Alternative Sources for Builder Molecules 381

D.12 Making Decisions Evaluating Alternative-Fuel Options 382

Section D Summary 383

Putting It All Together Getting Mobile 386

March 12 Saturday Study Session

Mar 18              Early Release

Mar 17-20           Sr. Class Trip

Mar14-18         OGT Testing



Mar 21-24          OGT Testing

Mar 23 Structured Tutorial Session

Mar 23         Report Cards Homeroom

Mar25-1              No School        Spring Break

Apr 6  Staff Mtg

Apr 8              Early Release

Apr 13 Structured Tutorial Session

Apr 15              Early Release

Apr 22              Early Release


Apr 27 Structured Tutorial Session

Apr 30 Saturday Study Session

Apr21 Homeroom

Apr22 Midterms

Apr 29 Hall of Honor 7pm

Apr 23 Prom 8-11pm

Apr 29              Early Release

AP Testing Kick-off Party

May 6 Sr/Faculty Game

MONDAY MAY 2   AP Chemistry Test

May 4 Staff Mtg

May 5 Homeroom

May 6              Early Release

May11                 Sr Awards Night

May 13             Early Release

May17              Top Scholar

May 20              Early Release

May16-18              Sr Exams  

May18                    Baccalaureate  7pm

May20 Graduation 7pm


May20,23-24          Final Exams 

May 24 End Q4    Last School Day   Early Dismissal


Quarter 4


Unit 4


Section A Sources, Uses, and Properties of Water 393

Concept Check 1 393

A.1 Town in Crisis 394

CHEMQUANDARY: Water, Water Everywhere 394

A.2 Making Decisions Uses of Water 395

A.3 Investigating Matter Properties of Water 396

A.4 Physical Properties of Water 399

A.5 Mixtures and Solutions 402

A.6 Modeling Matter Representing Mixtures 403

Concept Check 2 404

A.7 Water Supply and Demand 404

A.8 Making Decisions Water-Use Analysis 406

A.9 Where Is the World’s Water? 409

A.10 Making Decisions Riverwood Water Use 410

Section A Summary 412

Section B Looking at Water and Its Contaminants 415

Concept Check 3 415

B.1 Investigating Matter What Substances Dissolve in Water? 416

B.2 Dissolving Ionic Compounds in Water 419

B.3 Dissolving Molecular Compounds in Water 422

Concept Check 4 424

B.4 Modeling Matter The Dissolving Process 424

B.5 Solution Concentration 427

B.6 Developing Skills Describing Solution Concentration 428

Concept Check 5 430

B.7 Investigating Matter Measuring Solution Concentration 430

B.8 Factors That Affect Solubility of Solids in Water 435

B.9 Developing Skills Solubility and Solubility Curves 436

B.10 Factors That Affect Solubility of Gases in Water 438

B.11 Modeling Matter Solubility and Concentration 439

B.12 Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, and Life 441

B.13 Making Decisions The Riverwood Water Mystery: Considering Dissolved Oxygen 443

Section B Summary 444

Section C Reactions in Solution 447

Concept Check 6 447

C.1 Investigating Matter Combining Solutions 448

C.2 Precipitation Reactions 449

C.3 Developing Skills Writing Net Ionic Equations 451

C.4 Investigating Matter Water Testing 452

C.5 Acids and Bases in Solution 454

C.6 Developing Skills Acids and Bases 456

Concept Check 7 457

C.7 Solution Concentration and pH 457

C.8 Developing Skills Interpreting the pH Scale 459

C.9 Making Decisions Acidic & Basic Contamination 460

C.10 Strengths of Acids and Bases 460

C.11 Modeling Matter Strong vs Concentrated 462

Concept Check 8 462

C.12 Buffers 463

C.13 Investigating Matter Acids, Bases, and Buffers 464

C.14 Making Decisions Analyzing Water- Quality Data 468

Section C Summary 471

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Water-Quality Chemistry 474

Section D Water Purification and Treatment 477

Concept Check 9 477

D.1 Making Decisions Contaminants in Water Supplies 478

D.2 Investigating Matter Foul Water 479

D.3 Natural Water Purification 482

D.4 Drinking-Water Treatment 484

D.5 Developing Skills Water Purification 486

Concept Check 10 486

D.6 Disinfection of Drinking Water 487

D.7 Developing Skills Benefits and Risks of Disinfection 488

CHEMQUANDARY: Bottled Water Versus Tap Water 489

D.8 Home Water Treatment 490

D.9 Making Decisions Searching for Solutions 493

Section D Summary 495

Putting It All Together Fish-Kill—Finding the Solution 498

Color/Font Codes 

Red Italicized No School for students

Green Bold Midterm and Quarter End Dates

Blue Important Parent/Student Information

Purple Homeroom & Staff Meetings

AP & NMSI Dates



Unit 5


Section A Providing Nutrients for Agriculture 506

Concept Check 1 506

A.1 Investigating Matter Fertilizer Components 507

A.2 Fertilizer and the Nitrogen Cycle 512

A.3 Making Decisions Plant Nutrients 515

A.4 Modeling Matter The Nitrogen Cycle 515

Concept Check 2 517

A.5 Fixing Nitrogen by Oxidation–Reduction 517

A.6 Developing Skills Determining Oxidation States 520

A.7 Products of the Chemical Industry 522

A.8 Making Decisions Chemical Processing in Your Life 523

Section A Summary 524

Section B Industrial Production of Ammonia 527

Concept Check 3 527

B.1 Kinetics and Equilibrium 528

B.2 Investigating Matter Le Châtelier’s Principle 532

B.3 Developing Skills Chemical Systems at Equilibrium 535

B.4 Industrial Synthesis of Ammonia 536

B.5 Nitrogen’s Other Face 536

B.6 Developing Skills Explosive Nitrogen Chemistry 540

Concept Check 4 540

B.7 From Raw Materials to Products 541

B.8 Ammonia and Energy Use 542

B.9 Green Chemistry 543

B.10 Making Decisions What Does Riverwood Want? 544

Section B Summary 545

Section C Generating Electrical Energy from Chemical Reactions 548

Concept Check 5 548

C.1 Converting Chemical Energy into Electricity 549

C.2 Investigating Matter Voltaic Cells 551

C.3 Voltaic Cells and Half-Reactions 553

CHEMQUANDARY: Energy Cells: Are They All Created Equal? 553

C.4 Developing Skills Getting Charged by Electrochemistry 554

Concept Check 6 555

C.5 Equilibrium in Electrochemical Systems 555

C.6 Modeling Matter Visualizing Changes Within Voltaic Cells 556

C. Making Decisions What Do We Need to Know about WYE? 557

Section C Summary 558

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Materials Science 560

Section D Industrial Production of Batteries 562

Concept Check 7 562

D.1 Investigating Matter Building a Voltaic Pile 563

D.2 Cell Potential 564

D.3 Developing Skills Determining Potential in Electrochemical Cells 566

D.4 Primary Batteries 567

CHEMQUANDARY: Battery Sizes 568

D.5 Secondary Batteries 569

Concept Check 8 572

D.6 Manufacturing and Recycling Batteries 572

D.7 Modeling Matter Life Cycle of a Battery 574

CHEMQUANDARY: Commodity or Specialty 575

D.8 Moving Toward Greener Methods and Products 576

D.9 Making Decisions Asset or Liability? 577

Section D Summary 580

Putting It All Together A Chemical Plant for Riverwood? 582

Unit 6


Section A The Nature of Atoms 588

Concept Check 1 588

A.1 Investigating Matter Exploring Ionizing Radiation 589

A.2 The Great Discovery 590

CHEMQUANDARY: Scientific Discoveries 594

A.3 Nuclear Radiation 594

A.4 The Gold-Foil Experiment 597

A.5 Architecture of Atoms 599

A.6 Developing Skills Interpreting Isotopic Notation 601

A.7 Modeling Matter Isotopic Pennies 601

Concept Check 2 602

A.8 Isotopes in Nature 602

A.9 Developing Skills Molar Mass and Isotopic Abundance 603

A.10 Making Decisions Fact or Fiction? 605

Section A Summary 606

Section B Nuclear Radiation 609

Concept Check 3 609

B.1 Exposure to Ionizing Radiation 610

CHEMQUANDARY: Radiation Exposure Standards 612

B.2 Making Decisions Your Yearly Ionizing Radiation Dose 613

B.3 Ionizing Radiation—How Much Is Safe? 615

B.4 Investigating Matter Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Radiation 617

B.5 Natural Radioactive Decay 621

B.6 Developing Skills Nuclear Balancing Act 624

Concept Check 4 625

B.7 Radon 626

B.8 Nuclear Radiation Detectors 628

B.9 Investigating Matter Cloud Chambers 630

B.10 Making Decisions Ensuring Public Safety 632

Section B Summary 633

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Nuclear Chemistry 636

Section C Using Radioactivity 638

Concept Check 5 638

C.1 Half-Life: A Radioactive Clock 638

C.2 Modeling Matter Understanding Half-Life 640

C.3 Developing Skills Applications of Half-Lives 642

CHEMQUANDARY: Carbon-14 Dating 644

C.4 Radioisotopes in Medicine 644

CHEMQUANDARY: Using Radioisotopes in Medicine 646

C.5 Nuclear Medicine Technologies 647

Concept Check 6 649

C.6 Artificial Radioactivity 649

CHEMQUANDARY: Transmutation of Elements 650

C.7 Developing Skills Nuclear- Bombardment Reactions 651

C.8 Extending the Periodic Table 652

C.9 Making Decisions Opinions About Radioactivity 654

Section C Summary 655

Section D Nuclear Energy: Benefits and Burdens 658

Concept Check 7 658

D.1 Unleashing Nuclear Forces 659

D.2 Modeling Matter Chain Reactions 662

D.3 Nuclear Power Plants 663

D.4 Nuclear Fusion 667

Concept Check 8 669

D.5 Making Decisions The Safest Journey 670

CHEMQUANDARY: Risk-Free Travel? 671

D.6 Radioactive Waste 671

D.7 Developing Skills Disposing of High- and Low-Level Wastes 675

D.8 Making Decisions Discussing Nuclear Energy 676

Section D Summary 677

Putting It All Together Communicating Scientific and Technological Information 680 

Unit 7


Section A Food as Energy 686

Concept Check 1 686

A.1 Food Groups 687

A.2 Making Decisions Diet and Food Groups 688

A.3 Investigating Matter Energy Contained in a Snack 689

Concept Check 2 691

A.4 Energy Flow—From the Sun to You 691

CHEMQUANDARY: How Does Your Garden Grow? 693

A.5 Energy Release and Storage 694

A.6 Developing Skills Energy in Action 696

A.7 Energy In—Energy Out 698

A.8 Developing Skills Gain Some, Lose Some 698

A.9 Making Decisions Energy Intake and Expenditure 700

Section A Summary 701

Section B Carbohydrates and Fats 704

Concept Check 3 704

B.1 Carbohydrates: One Way to Combine C, H, and O Atoms 705

B.2 Fats: Another Way to Combine C, H, and O Atoms 708

B.3 Saturated and Unsaturated Fats 710

B.4 Developing Skills Calories from Fat 711

B.5 Hydrogenation 712

B.6 Developing Skills Fats in the Diet 714

CHEMQUANDARY: Fat-Free Food? 714

Concept Check 4 715

B.7 Limiting Reactants 715

B.8 Modeling Matter Limiting-Reactant Analogies 716

B.9 Limiting Reactants in Chemical Reactions 718

B.10 Developing Skills Using Chemical Equations to Find Limiting Reactants 719

B.11 Making Decisions Analyzing Fats and Carbohydrates 721

Section B Summary 722

CHEMISTRY AT WORK: Flavor Chemistry 726

Section C Proteins 728

Concept Check 5 728

C.1 Proteins—Function and Structure 729

C.2 Modeling Matter Molecular Structure of Proteins 731

C.3 Protein in Your Diet 733

C.4 Developing Skills Daily Protein Requirements 737

Concept Check 6 738

C.5 Investigating Matter Enzymes 738

C.6 How Enzymes Work 740

CHEMQUANDARY: A Problem to Chew On 742

C.7 Investigating Matter Amylase Tests 742

C.8 Making Decisions Protein Content 745

Section C Summary 746

Section D Vitamins, Minerals, and Additives 748

Concept Check 7 748

D.1 Vitamins 749

D.2 Developing Skills Vitamins in the Diet 752

D.3 Investigating Matter Vitamin C 754

D.4 Minerals: Essential Within All Diets 757

D.5 Developing Skills Minerals in the Diet 760

Concept Check 8 761

D.6 Food Additives 761

D.7 Investigating Matter Analyzing Food-Coloring Additives 764

D.8 Regulating Additives 766

CHEMQUANDARY: Nitrite Additives 768

D.9 Artificial Sweeteners 768

D.10 Developing Skills Food Additive Survey 770

D.11 Making Decisions Analyzing Vitamins and Minerals 770

Section D Summary 772

Putting It All Together Guiding the PTSA’s Decisions 776

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